Clarification on Purificatory Bath and Regular Discharge

Sep 4, 2012 | Women’s Fiqh


As salamualykum wa rahmatuhali wabarakatuhu!

1) Can you please give a step by step guide for the ghusl required after menstruation and janaba separately. Also, please do mention the duas (if any) according to the hanafi fiqh.

I have heard many different methods some requiring to read dua and others don’t, I m really confused now and if i did the ghusl wrong would i have the repeat the prayers (even if i used that methods for years?) Please help.

2) I have a very steady flow of white fluid everyday(except for menstruation days). Considering the fact that it breaks the wudu makes it really difficult for me to refresh wudu for every prayer.(i would have to refresh it every 2- 3 hrs) when i m traveling/working can i just pray without refreshing my wudu?

3) After the wudu is performed, i have this sensation of air passing by from the front happens almost every time after wudu. would it be considered under the same ruling as passing gas? I have heard that shaitan pulls a string which causes these sensations/ little bubbles coming out from front and behind. so it should be ignored. can you please shed some light on this.

Jazakumullah Khairan

confused muslimah

Answered by Ustadha Umm Yusuf Abdul Sattar
Verified by Mufti Abdur Rahman ibn Yusuf

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Thank you for sending your questions, particularly on such important acts of worship. The words of Allah, the Exalted, are “Lord, increase me in knowledge.” (20:114)

1)      The purificatory bath, (ghusl) is performed in the same way, regardless of whether it is necessitated by menstruation or sexual intercourse. There are three obligatory elements for ghusl: to rinse the entire mouth once, to rinse the nose up to the bone once, and to wash the entire body once. If these are completed, the ghusl is complete. However, it is sunnah to perform the ghusl in the following manner:

  1. Intention and to begin by saying, “Bismillah.”
  2. Wash the hands until the wrists.
  3. Wash the front and back private parts.
  4. Wash away any filth from the body.
  5. Perform a complete ablution.
  6. Pour water over the body three times, beginning with one’s head, right shoulder, left shoulder, followed by the rest of the body.

The same duas which are recommended to be recited upon completion of ablution should be recited after ghusl:

أَشْهَدُ أَن لَّا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا اللهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَهُ وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا عَبْدُهُ وَ رَسُوْلُهُ  “I bear witness that there is no god except Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and messenger.” 

اَللّٰهُمَّ اجْعَلْنِيْ مِنَ التَّوَّابِيْنَ وَ اجْعَلْنِيْ مِنَ المُتَطَهِّرِيْنَ  “Oh Allah, make me of those who are repentant and of those who maintain purity.”

Please refer to Ascent to Felicity by Faraz A. Khan for more information.

2)      Based on the legal verdict of Imam Abu Hanifa, vaginal discharge is not impure and will not nullify one’s ablution (wudu). According to Imam Abu Yusuf and Imam Muhammad, vaginal discharge of any color is impure and will nullify the ablution.   

In the situation of continuous discharge, a woman should avail the opinion of Imam Abu Hanifa. She will not be obligated to renew her ablution. If it is reasonably possible, she should renew her ablution and wash any affected garments, as that is preferred. Also, please note that this is only when the discharge is clear or white. Any colored discharge, such as yellow, will nullify the ablution. You can also refer to The Laws of Menstruation, Postnatal Bleeding & Dysfunctional Uterine Bleeding,” for more information.

3)      The sensation you are describing can be caused either by gas exiting from the front private part or due to moisture in that area.  In either case, one’s ablution would not be affected.

Ustadha Umm Yusuf Abdul Sattar