# Question

“Menstruation”

Sheikh Ibn Baz Explains:

1. If a menstruating woman becomes pure before Fajr, then; she prays previous Magrib and Isha.

2. If she becomes pure after Fajr but before sunrise, then; she only prays Fajr.

3. If she becomes pure after sunrise, then; she does not have to pray Fajr but wait for Dhuhr.

4. If she becomes pure after Dhuhr, then; she only prays Dhuhr.

5. If she becomes pure after Asr, then; she prays both Dhuhr and Asr.

6. If she becomes pure after Magrib, then; should only pray Magrib.

7. If she becomes pure after Ishaa, then; she prays both Magrib and Ishaa.

Can you share this with our mothers, wives, sisters and daughters in Islam?

May Allah SWT accept all our efforts as acts of ‘Ibaadah. Ameen Jazakallah khair

Respected Shaikh is this authentic

# Answer

In the name of Allah, the Inspirer of truth

The Fatwa Centre at Whitethread follows the Hanafi school of thought and all queries received on the website are responded in accordance with this methodology. Sheikh Ibn Baz is not considered an authority in the Hanafi school and for this reason there may be occasional disparity between some of his views in* fiqh* and the rulings given on the Fatwa Centre.

Below is a response to your question in conformance with rulings of menstruation in the Hanafi school.

**If a menstruating woman becomes pure before Fajr, then; she prays previous Magrib and Isha.**

A menstruating woman is not obligated to pray any *salat* during the time she is on her menses (*hayd*). *Salat* only becomes compulsory when the bleeding stops (if within the maximum timeframe for *hayd*). If there is enough time for her to perform the *fard* acts of *ghusl* and say the “Allah” of “Allahu Akbar” in the respective salat time, the *salat* is due on her.

The ruling is slightly different if the bleeding reaches the maximum timeframe for *hayd *(240 hours/ten days and nights). If a woman has enough time to say the “Allah” of “Allahu Akbar” in the respective salat time (at the 10-day mark), the *salat* is obligatory. In this situation, the time for *ghusl* is not a condition.

So, if a woman became pure before *fajr*, she will not be required to pray the previous *maghrib*. Depending on how much time was left for ʿ*isha’* when she became pure and where she was in her cycle, she may be required to pray ʿ*isha’*.

More information on the rulings related to salat and menstruation can be found on our sister site Whitethread Menstrual Matters.

Salat – Menstrual Matters (whitethread.org)

**If she becomes pure after Fajr but before sunrise, then; she only prays Fajr.**

The time for *fajr* ends at sunrise. If she becomes pure before sunrise, then this is within the time of *fajr*. Whether *fajr* is due on her or not depends on when in her cycle she became pure and how much time remains until sunrise. Please see point 1 for an explanation of this ruling.

**If she becomes pure after sunrise, then; she does not have to pray Fajr but wait for Dhuhr.**

This is correct – since there is no obligatory prayer between sunrise and *zuhr*, no prayer is due on her until *zuhr *time begins.

**If she becomes pure after Dhuhr, then; she only prays Dhuhr.**

If she becomes pure during *zuhr* time, only *zuhr* will be due on her. Please see point 1 for more detail on when *salat *becomes obligatory.

**If she becomes pure after Asr, then; she prays both Dhuhr and Asr.**

If she becomes pure after *ʿasr* time sets in and after the expiry of *zuhr* time, she is not obligated to pray *zuhr*. *ʿAsr *may be due on her depending on when she becomes pure – see point 1 for detail.

**If she becomes pure after Magrib, then; should only pray Magrib.**

If she becomes pure during the time for *maghrib*, only *maghrib* is due on her – see point 1. If she becomes pure after the expiry of *maghrib* time, the prayer is not due on her.

**If she becomes pure after Ishaa, then; she prays both Magrib and Ishaa.**

If a woman becomes pure after the time for *ʿisha’* sets in, *maghrib* prayer will not be due on her.

To summarise, when a woman stops bleeding at the end of her *hayd*, she is not required to make up any prayers she missed while she was still in *hayd*. The prayer of the time she becomes pure will only be due on her and this depends on how much time remains and whether she stops bleeding before the 10-day mark or not.

And Allah knows best.

*Manhal al-Waridin *pp.197-200

Answered by: Bint Saeed

Checked & Approved by:

Mufti Abdul Rahman Mangera

Mufti Zubair Patel